Torticollis & Plagiocephaly: Assessment & Treatment of Infants & Children

September 30 - October 2, 2022
8:30 AM- 5:30 PM Friday

8:30 AM- 5:30 PM Saturday

8:30 AM- 2:30 PM Sunday


$600.00 (Group Discounts Available)


Group Discounts

Groups of 4-6 from the same facility = 5% discount

Groups of 7+ from the same facility = 10% discount


For more information, email

Course Description

This dynamic evolving course will concentrate on progressive, effective treatment schemes for infants and young children with a diagnosis of torticollis, with or without plagiocephaly, including challenging cases. The course is designed to provide therapists with current research and recommendations pertaining to the implications of torticollis, sleep posture, and increased use of positional devices on infant postural and motor development. Current evidence-based clinical pathways and guidelines for management of torticollis and infant head shape, including Clinical Practice Guidelines from APTA - Section on Pediatrics, will be discussed and incorporated. Red flags for related early infancy and preschool diagnoses will be appraised. Current functional, clinically-oriented evaluation, and evidence- based treatment strategies for infants and young children that can be integrated into routines and play will be provided. Diagnostic procedures and surgical intervention will be reviewed. Recommendations for follow-up and secondary specialist consultations will be presented. Emphasis on home exercise programs and effective strategies to team with parents will be explored.


Learning opportunities for therapists and medical professionals involved in pediatrics will transpire through lecture, case reports, group problem-solving, video review, patient demonstration, and lab practicum. The extensive use of pictures and videos throughout the 3 days of intensive course materials will allow participants to problem-solve and identify movement and tissue impairments related to the diagnosis of torticollis.

Course Objectives

Upon completion of this course, participants will be able to:

1. Identify the incidence, etiology, and pathophysiology of torticollis and discuss the importance of early identification and early referral through systematic screenings and evaluations by health care providers.

2. Identify the impact of torticollis on movement and associated body structures and function.

3. Problem-solve current evidenced-based treatment regimens for torticollis.

4. Identify the impact on head shape that may be present with a diagnosis of torticollis.

a. Discuss guidelines, available research, and problem-solve solutions to manage, including helmet criteria and treatment.

5. Discuss the relationship of “the change in sleep posture,” effects of increased positional devices, and environmental influences on postural development.

6. Relate current research and recommendations pertaining to SIDS and the efficacy of back to sleep.

a. Review diagnoses related to the health policy change.

7. Collaborate and cultivate parent/caregiver's understanding of the child's health condition, interventions, and compliance to home education/therapy program and follow-up recommendations.

8. Establish individualized goals and incorporate family-centered, evidenced-based treatment regimens as part of their home education/therapy program.


About the Instructor

Cindy Miles, PT, PhD, PCS, CNDT, established her pediatric private practice in 1981 after serving the pediatric population since 1977. Cindy is a graduate of the University of Pittsburgh, School of Health-Related Professionals, East Stroudsburg University with a Master of Education in exercise physiology and Rocky Mountain University of Health Professions with a PhD in Pediatric Science. Her doctoral research was potential risk factors related to the diagnosis of torticollis. Cindy is Board- Certified by the American Board of Physical Therapy Specialties as a Pediatric Clinical Specialist, specializing in treating children; birth thru young adults. Cindy completed the eight week Pediatric NeuroDevelopmental training course and the Advanced Infant course. Presently, Cindy serves as Chair of the Section on Pediatrics Annual Conference (SoPAC), “Goofy for Exercise” Committee, is a member of the Section on Pediatrics' Task Force on Guidelines for Exercise for Children, and is Treasurer of Section on Pediatrics' IV Step Committee. Cindy served as the SOP Treasurer 2008 through 2013 and Treasurer elect 2007-2008. She presents nationally on pediatric private practice and reimbursement, as well as nationally and internationally on Torticollis and Plagiocephaly, and Fitness for All Abilities. She has published in peer-reviewed journals and books on topics related to pediatric physical therapy. or


Day 1

08:00-08:30 Course Registration & Sign-in/Breakfast

08:30-10:30 Etiology, Pathophysiology, Incidence

· SIDS Research

· Health Policy Shift

· Sleep Position

· Changing Symptomatology/Clinical Implications

· Health Policy Shift-Impact on Development/Compensatory

10:30-10:45 Break

10:45-12:30 Differential Diagnosis Associated

· Pathologies/Impairments

· Ocular Torticollis


· Hip Dysplasia

· Lab: Small Group Work

· Anatomy Review

· Extension Bias/Hypotonia

· Toe Walking

12:30-01:30 Lunch

01:30-03:15 Dev0elopmental Components

· Vision Development Assessment

03:15-03:30 Break

03:30-05:30 Lab: Problem-Solving Videos

· Assessment


· Small Group: Documentation/Goal Planning

Day 2

08:00-08:30 Course Sign-in/Breakfast

8:30-10:30 Plagiocephaly/Craniosynostosis

· Anatomy

· Etiology/Incidence

· Assessment

· Treatment

· Helmet Criteria

· Outcomes

· Case Reviews

· Facial Asymmetry

10:30-10:45 Break

10:45-12:30 Treatment Indicators

12:30-01:30 Lunch

01:30-03:15 Evaluation - Live Demo

03:15-03:30 Break

03:30-05:30 Treatment (including Lab):

· Clinical Pathways/Protocols/Outcomes

· Manual Stretching/Functional Range of Motion (Lab)

· Functional Strengthening

· Functional Play

Day 3

08:00-08:30 Course Sign-in/Breakfast

8:30-10:30 Treatment (including Lab):

· Manual Techniques

· Problem-Solving Participant Cases

· Positioning


· Tapin (Lab)/Tot Collar

10:30-10:45 Break

10:45-12:00 Lab Practicum

12:00-12:30 Lunch

12:30-02:30 Case Reviews

· Clinical Decision Making/Follow-up

· Botox

· Surgical Intervention

· Related Infant Trends

· Insurance Trends

· Summary/Conclusions



Texas Children's Hospital Leopold Meyer Bldg.

1st Floor HR Conference Rooms 1, 2, and 3
Second floor Childbirth & Parent Education Program Classroom
1919 S. Braeswood Blvd. - the corner of Greenbriar & Braeswood Blvd.
Houston, TX 77030

Click here for directions

Hotel Accommodations


6750 Main Street, Houston, TX 77030


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Who Should Attend



This activity is provided by the Texas Board of Physical Therapy Examiners. Texas Children's Hospital is an Accredited Provider, #2303051TX, and meets continuing competence requirements for physical therapists' and physical therapist assistants' licensure renewal in Texas for 20.25 CCU's.



Texas Children’s Hospital is an AOTA-Approved Provider of professional development, #00387. This in-person course is offered at 20.25 CEUs Professional Development (PD) Activity). AOTA does not endorse specific course content, products or clinical procedures.